Biomarkers of dairy fat consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes
Fat-reduced dairy products are usually recommended over whole-fat dairy products, because they contain less calories and saturated fat. However, clinical trials do not consistently show an improvement of cardiometabolic risk factors when comparing low fat dairy consumption to whole-fat or overall dairy consumption. Similarly, the possible effects of dairy fat consumption on the risk of type 2 diabetes are not well established.
Lactose intolerance: Prevalence and dietary strategies
Lactose intolerance refers to the body’s decreased ability to digest the milk sugar lactose as a result of low lactase enzyme levels. Lactose intolerance does not mean that dairy products should be avoided. Indeed, there are dietary strategies that effectively alleviate symptoms, while enabling the daily consumption of milk and milk products.
Role of nutrition and probiotics in the management of inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome
During the annual conference of the Dutch Dairy Association, 28 March 2019, a number of experts discussed gut health. One of the speakers, Ben Witteman, a gastroenterologist at the ‘Gelderse Vallei’ hospital in Ede, the Netherlands, considered the role of nutrition and probiotics in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis) and irritable bowel syndrome. This article summarizes the highlights of his presentation.
Choosing nutrient-rich over nutrient-poor foods for better diet quality
The general principle of nutrient density is the concentration of nutrients per amount of food or caloric contribution of that food. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) defined nutrient-dense foods as those that “provide vitamins, minerals, and other substances that contribute to adequate nutrient intakes or may have positive health effects, with little or no solid fats and added sugars, refined starches, and sodium.”
The importance of hydration
Why is hydration important and which drinks help maintain a positive net fluid balance? The FrieslandCampina Institute spoke with Dr Stuart Galloway about his research at the University of Stirling, UK about the hydrating potential of different drinks.
Attention required for strong bones with a vegan diet
What is the effect of a vegan diet on bone mineral density? Researchers Iguacel et al., (2018) have investigated the effect of different diets on bone health in a systematic review and meta-analysis.
‘Nourish the muscles for an active life’
Muscular strength and muscle function are determining factors for elderly people’s mobility, independence and quality of life. A good diet and exercise play an important role in this. With regard to diet, protein and vitamin D can provide extra support, according to doctoral research by Sjors Verlaan. The FrieslandCampina Institute spoke to him about the results.
Vitamin D and combined supplementation with calcium
Globally, the incidence and prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency is on the rise (1). Approximately more than half of the world’s population have vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency (1). Fortunately, this disorder can be easily modified with minimal cost. Recently, Wimalawansa et al (2018) published a review on the function of vitamin D and its supplementation in various populations.
Which factors are involved in building muscle after strength training?
Muscle mass in adults is reasonably stable with muscle tissue constantly being built up and broken down. Normally this breakdown and build-up are balanced, therefore the muscle mass remains stable.
Good nutrition also important at an advanced age, an interview with Professor Lisette de Groot
What is good nutrition for elderly people? And also, do specific nutrients play a role in the ageing process? The FrieslandCampina Institute interviewed Lisette de Groot, Professor of Nutrition and Ageing at Wageningen University.