Biomarkers of dairy fat consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes
Fat-reduced dairy products are usually recommended over whole-fat dairy products, because they contain less calories and saturated fat. However, clinical trials do not consistently show an improvement of cardiometabolic risk factors when comparing low fat dairy consumption to whole-fat or overall dairy consumption. Similarly, the possible effects of dairy fat consumption on the risk of type 2 diabetes are not well established.
Do adults need calcium?
Calcium is the most common mineral in our bodies. There is scientific proof that we need sufficient amounts of calcium in our nutrition. This is relevant for every phase in life, both old and young. Calcium supports the build-up of bone mass with children and with adults the mineral contributes to the maintenance of bones, normal blood clotting and proper functioning of muscles and nerves.
Lactose intolerance: Prevalence and dietary strategies
Lactose intolerance refers to the body’s decreased ability to digest the milk sugar lactose as a result of low lactase enzyme levels. Lactose intolerance does not mean that dairy products should be avoided. Indeed, there are dietary strategies that effectively alleviate symptoms, while enabling the daily consumption of milk and milk products.
Is a calcium supplement a good alternative to drinking milk?
Milk provides a variety of essential nutrients such as protein, vitamin B2 and B12 and minerals including calcium, phosphorus, potassium and iodine. Therefore, milk naturally contains much more than calcium. Calcium supplements may be seen as an addition to the amount of calcium that is obtained from food, but not as an adequate replacement of a healthy and varied diet.
Role of nutrition and probiotics in the management of inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome
During the annual conference of the Dutch Dairy Association, 28 March 2019, a number of experts discussed gut health. One of the speakers, Ben Witteman, a gastroenterologist at the ‘Gelderse Vallei’ hospital in Ede, the Netherlands, considered the role of nutrition and probiotics in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis) and irritable bowel syndrome. This article summarizes the highlights of his presentation.
Calcium and the absorption of iron
Long-term studies have shown that calcium has no or just a limited effect on the absorption of iron in the body. A diet with a wide variety of food products probably contains dietary factors that promote as well inhibit the iron absorption.
Choosing nutrient-rich over nutrient-poor foods for better diet quality
The general principle of nutrient density is the concentration of nutrients per amount of food or caloric contribution of that food. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) defined nutrient-dense foods as those that “provide vitamins, minerals, and other substances that contribute to adequate nutrient intakes or may have positive health effects, with little or no solid fats and added sugars, refined starches, and sodium.”
The acid balance of the body
In a number of scientific studies done fifteen years ago it was stated that an increased protein intake would adversely affect bone health as a result of an increased calcium content in the urine and a reduced calcium supply in the bones. New scientific findings do not endorse this effect.
The importance of hydration
Why is hydration important and which drinks help maintain a positive net fluid balance? The FrieslandCampina Institute spoke with Dr Stuart Galloway about his research at the University of Stirling, UK about the hydrating potential of different drinks.
Does dairy have an effect on the health of heart and blood vessels?
Health authorities advises to consume skimmed or semi-skimmed milk and dairy products, because of the energy and saturated fat content. Recent scientific research shows that the relationship between milk and heart and blood vessels seems to be more complex than previously assumed.