Macronutrients for toddlers: recommendations and role in growth and development
The recognition that the behavioral and physiological changes as well as the increasing levels of physical activity of toddlers require sufficient energy and macronutrient intake, have led to the development of recommendations for macronutrient intakes. Achieving the recommended intakes is vital to meet the energy needs and ensure optimum growth and development of muscles, bones and brain tissue.
Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge
The survival of small premature infants has markedly improved during the last few decades. Preterm infants are generally discharged from hospital care earlier than before, with body weights far below typical birth weights of healthy term infants. Such infants may require special nutritional regimens or special post-discharge formulae instead of regular nutrition. However, this is a question that is still the subject of ongoing discussion and research.
Nutritional status of children in South East Asia – Do we need more information?
A presentation by Dr. Corazon VC Barba
Vitamin D: role in growth and development and recommendations
Vitamin D is one of the key nutrients contributing to normal skeleton development from the very early life stages. A vitamin D level in the body (measured as 25-hydroxy vitamin D in blood serum) of ≥50nmol/L for young children has been defined by most scientific organizations as the optimum threshold for vitamin D status. Since these levels can be achieved with a vitamin D-intake of 15μg/day, this intake has recently in the US been defined as the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA).
DHA and AA for premature infants: science and recommendations
In nutrition for premature infants, much interest is currently focusing on the importance of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and more specifically docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA). The most recent official LCPUFA recommendation for premature infants was issued by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) in 2010. However, the discussion on actual needs is still ongoing, as is illustrated by a recent article by La
Current updates on childhood nutrition and development
Proceedings of the regional conference on South East Asian Nutrition Surveys held in Indonesia.
Global targets and nutrition interventions to counter malnutrition
Malnutrition is a global issue in many low and middle income countries, with adolescent and pregnant women and young children being among the most vulnerable groups. In 2014, the decision-making body of World Health Organization (WHO) -World Health Assembly- formulated the ‘Global targets 2025. At the same time, a science-based intervention framework was developed and published by the leading Lancet Nutrition Interventions Review Group. This framework promotes a systematical life stage approac
Advances in the management of infant colic
Infant colic is a common condition characterized by excessive crying without any obvious cause in an otherwise healthy child. Colic usually presents within the first 3 months of life and, in severe cases, can disrupt feeding and prevent an infant from gaining weight. The underlying cause of colic is not well established.
The regional conference on South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS)
Programme and abstracts
Estimates of malnutrition
Stunted linear growth has become the main indicator of childhood undernutrition, because of its prevalence in nearly all low or middle income countries, and its important consequences for health and development. According to 2011 global estimates of the United Nations (UN) more than 165 million children under 5 years (26%) were stunted (HAZ=height-for-age Z score > -2), 100 million children (16%) were underweight (WAZ=weight-for-age Z score > -2) and around 52 million (8%) were wasted (WHZ=weigh