Physical activity and a healthy and varied diet are important in maintaining a healthy weight. People who eat and drink more than the energy they expend will gain weight, no matter what they eat or drink. Some people believe that dairy foods like, milk, yoghurt and cheese are fattening. However science does not support this.

Auto Draft 4Research shows that dairy products, like milk, yoghurt and cheese can even play a role in maintaining a healthy weight. Studies involving energy restriction (‘weight loss diets’) in adults which include dairy in the diet help to improve body composition and the ratio of fat to fat-free mass in the short term. Long-term studies, without energy restriction, show that the consumption of milk and dairy products have a neutral effect on body weight. It could be explained by the nutrients in dairy, like protein and calcium. Protein contributes to growth and maintenance of muscle mass.

Consumption of dairy as part of a varied diet also contributes to a healthy body for children and adolescents.

A positive energy balance on the long term is the main cause of gaining weight. No matter what you eat or drink. Within a healthy diet you won’t get fat from consuming dairy.

References

  1. Abargouei A.S. et al (2012).Effect of dairy consumption on weight and body composition in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Jan 17.
  2. Booth A.O. et al (2015). Effect of increasing dietary calcium through supplements and dairy food on body weight and body composition: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Br J Nutr 2015; 114(7): 101325.
  3. Chen M. et al (2012). Effects of dairy intake on body weight and fat: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Oct;96(4):735-47.
  4. Dror DK. (2014) Dairy consumption and pre-school, school-age and adolescent obesity in developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev 2014; 15(6): 51627.
  5. Josse, A.R. et al (2011). Increased consumption of dairy foods and protein during diet- and exercise-induced weight loss promotes fat mass loss and lean mass gain in overweight and obese premenopausal women. Nutr. 2011 Sep;141(9):1626-34.
  6. Lu, L. et al (2016). Long-term association between dairy consumption and risk of childhood obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Eur J Clin Nutr 2016; 70(4): 414.
  7. Manios, Y. et al (2009). Changes in body composition following a dietary and lifestyle intervention trial: the postmenopausal health study. Maturitas. 2009 Jan 20;62(1):58-65.