Nutrient needs in the first year of life
The first year of a child’s life is a critical window during which not only the foundations for healthy growth and development are built, but also it determines long term adult health. Adequate infant feeding is a major determinant of health in this period which ensures growth, health and development to their full potential.
Nutrients for brain development
Brain development is a long term process, with different parts and functions of the brain developing at different time points in childhood. Especially during the first years of life, the brain is undergoing rapid development. During this phase, adequate dietary intake is of special importance for the developing brain, with nutrients like iron, iodine and omega-3 and omega 6 fatty acids playing a vital role.
Macronutrients for toddlers: recommendations and role in growth and development
The recognition that the behavioral and physiological changes as well as the increasing levels of physical activity of toddlers require sufficient energy and macronutrient intake, have led to the development of recommendations for macronutrient intakes. Achieving the recommended intakes is vital to meet the energy needs and ensure optimum growth and development of muscles, bones and brain tissue.
Estimates of malnutrition
Stunted linear growth has become the main indicator of childhood undernutrition, because of its prevalence in nearly all low or middle income countries, and its important consequences for health and development. According to 2011 global estimates of the United Nations (UN) more than 165 million children under 5 years (26%) were stunted (HAZ=height-for-age Z score > -2), 100 million children (16%) were underweight (WAZ=weight-for-age Z score > -2) and around 52 million (8%) were wasted (WHZ=weigh
SEANUTS study design and methodology
The South East Asian Nutrition Survey (referred to as SEANUTS) is the largest and most extensive multi-centric nutrition and health study ever done in Southeast Asia. It was conducted by leading universities in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. This study investigated anthropometry, dietary intake, nutritional status, physical activity levels and cognition of 16,744 children between the ages of six months and twelve years, using a randomized multistage cluster design.
Nutritional status of children aged 0.5 to 12 years in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam: South East Asia Nutrition Survey…
Double burden of malnutrition is defined as the persistence of undernutrition and the rapid rise in overweight and obesity. The usual pattern of malnutrition was undernutrition being more prevalent in developing countries while obesity was a common occurrence in developed countries. However, with rapid urbanization, unlimited food access, and lifestyle changes, a trend towards increasing incidence of overweight and obesity has been observed in developing countries.1
Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in the First 4 years of Life: The New Rome IV Criteria
There are new insights to be gained in the area of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in infants and toddlers since the publication of the 2006 Rome III Guidelines. Developed by an international working group fronted by Professor Marc A. Benninga in Rome, Italy, the paediatric diagnostic criteria that were recently updated to the fourth edition will provide further understanding of how FGIDs in children under 5 years of age can be effectively managed.
Growth and nutritional needs of preterm infants
The survival rate for children born prematurely has increased substantially during the last two decades due to improved care and nutrition. Nowadays it is widely recognized that preterm infants have special nutritional needs. The major nutritional goal for these infants is to achieve growth similar to fetal growth, together with adequate functional development.
Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge
The survival of small premature infants has markedly improved during the last few decades. Preterm infants are generally discharged from hospital care earlier than before, with body weights far below typical birth weights of healthy term infants. Such infants may require special nutritional regimens or special post-discharge formulae instead of regular nutrition. However, this is a question that is still the subject of ongoing discussion and research.
DHA and AA for premature infants: science and recommendations
In nutrition for premature infants, much interest is currently focusing on the importance of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and more specifically docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA).