A number of questions need to be answered before nutritional advice can be given to an athlete. How much fuel (energy) does a sportsperson need? Which fuels are preferred? What about the proportion between carbohydrate, fat and protein? What roles do the vitamins and minerals play? In this article more information on the recommended fat intake.
Fats are another important constituent of a healthy diet. They provide energy, are essential components of cell membranes and hormones and necessary for the absorption of fat soluble vitamins in the body (vitamins A, D, E and K). There are no specific dietary recommendations for athletes with respect to fats. The proportion of energy from dietary fat may range between 25-40 en% taking into account the general guidelines on the ratio between saturated and unsaturated fats.
Exceptions to this are diets in which the energy intake is below the recommended daily energy intake. In this case the intake of essential fatty acids and fat soluble vitamins may be compromised. For those athletes following energy restricted diets it is advisable to carry out a detailed dietary analysis to monitor intakes. (ACSM et al., 2016)
American College of Sports Medicine, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and Dietitians of Canada. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2016; 116: 501-528.